The word meat in Japanese is niku (肉).
In this reference, I also cover the types of meat and related things.
Butaniku is the Japanese word for pork. It’s the combination of buta (pig) and niku (meat).
Butabara (豚バラ )
Butabara is pork belly, a lot like bacon, very fatty.
Chikin is the borrowed word for chicken. It is essentially the Japanese pronunciation of the English word.
For example, you will see tori-kawa on the menu at yakitori shops — where it’s grilled chicken skin (torikawa = chicken skin).
When shopping at a Japanese supermarket in the meats section, poultry is labeled with this kanji: 鶏肉 — and often they are sold by parts: momoniku (モモ肉), which is thigh meat, and muneniku (ムネ肉): breast meat.
Gyūniku means beef. It’s a combination word of gyū (cow) and niku (meat). It is pronounced “gyou-knee-coo” (click here to hear it).
Just like pork, you will usually see gyūniku written in kanji, here is the hiragana: ぎゅうにく.
Beef can be quite pricey in supermarkets in Japan, especially the Japanese high-grade Kobe wagyū beef.
Gyutan is a combination word that means beef tongue. It is pronounced “
You will usually see it written as kanji and katakana: 牛タン.
Beef tongue is incredibly popular at Japanese yakiniku restaurants. You’ll often see it listed at the #1 most popular on the menu.
Karubi is the boneless short-rib cut of beef. It’s soft, tender, and in high-end steakhouses/yakiniku restaurants, it is very well marbled with fat. So much so it melts in your mouth.
Many yakiniku shops will offer a variety of karubi choices since it is so popular. Each choice usually varies by quality and price.
It is pronounced “ka-lou-bee” and usually, you’ll see it written in katakana カルビ.
What is Wagyū?
Technically wagyū refers to Japanese cows. The wa denotes Japanese, and you already know gyū is beef.
As you can probably guess, this means not all wagyū is the super high-end, expensive beef you imagine. There is “normal” priced wagyū beef in Japan too.
If you’d like to learn all about wagyu check out this thorough article.
Is Kobe Beef Wagyū?
Yes. But it is a very specially grown and selected, high-quality variety of wagyu.