What is Okonomiyaki?

Okonomiyaki is often referred to as Japanese-style pancakes. A mixture of batter and savory ingredients like seafood, meat, and vegetables.

The mixture is grilled on a flat metal skillet called teppan.

Edit: hold on a second. If you’re like me you may be wondering “what exactly does savory mean?

Here’s what the dictionary says savory means:


1. (of food) belonging to the category that is salty or spicy rather than sweet.
“fresh pineapple is useful in savory as well as in sweet dishes”

Okay, back to our regularly scheduled programming…

Half the fun is learning how to grill okonomiyaki without making a mess.

Look here for our recommendations on the best okonomiyaki restaurants in Tokyo.

After you’re done grilling, you’ll add the sauce, mayo, and toppings: dried bonito flakes and seaweed sprinkles (yep, that’s a thing).

The word okonomiyaki is interesting because of how it directly translates into English. Okonomi means “how you like,” and yaki means grilled.

Okonomiyaki is not a snack or dessert. It is a meal. 

A very filling meal at that. Don’t let the size of it fool you.

Place your order, mix, grill, and then pair it with your favorite beer, and you’ve got an excellent evening with a modern Japanese vibe.

Oh, what’s in the batter, you ask?

It is a batter mixture of flour, yam, egg, water, and cabbage. Some shops may add mirin and other ingredients to create their unique spin.

TOUR: Enjoy an amazing private night tour in Shinjuku for foodies

This is an adventure with local foods in Shinjuku. Explore local restaurants for Okonomiyaki & Monja. I am sure you will get addicted to eat these amazing dishes. Let’s enjoy the tour with the friendly local guide Kazu!


  • Taste various types of Okonomiyaki & Monja.
  • Learn about traditional Japanese cuisine and culture from a local guide.
  • Learn how to make Okonomiyaki & Monja by yourself.
  • Enjoy walking around Shinjuku: Kabukicho and Golded Gai.
  • Meet locals.

Learn more and sign up here (in English)

Is okonomiyaki vegetarian? Although it usually isn’t vegetarian, it can be adapted to be by using vegetable fillings. It’s not usually vegan-friendly unless you try it at a vegan restaurant. —NeverendingVoyage

How healthy is okonomiyaki? Okonomiyaki is healthy! Because Okonomiyaki is made from various kinds of ingredients, such as eggs, meat and vegetables, it contains much of our daily nutritional requirements. At “Tsuruhashi Fugestu” especially, we use a large amount of cabbage with its abundance of dietary fiber. —Fugetsu

Why is okonomiyaki famous? It’s difficult to pinpoint the origin of okonomiyaki. The idea of a grilled pancake goes as far back as the Buddhist ceremonies during the Edo period (1683- 1868). The first use of the word okonomiyaki came from Osaka, but Hiroshima’s style was popularized after the atomic bombing, when food was scarce. —NationalGeographic

Let’s dive in deeper on okonomiyaki… waaay deeeper

But first, story time.

7:08 PM, Saturday, January 18th, 2020…

Here I am sitting cross-legged on a tatami mat in front of a large flat iron grill — pouring oil over the hot plate while my wife mixes the bowl of okonomiyaki we ordered.

The sizzling sounds and aroma in the room are fantastic; almost comforting. It’s one of the coldest nights of the year in Tokyo but these hot grills warm everything up nicely.

It really is one of the finer things in life.

Okonomiyaki is one of those rare foods where the whole family can have a great time, or it can be a remarkably pleasant date night for two.

The experience is unmistakably Japanese. Most okonomiyaki restaurants are large, flat, cast-iron grills that sit low on the floor. The right height for sitting on the floor and enjoying the food.

Which can be quite uncomfortable for some. I’ve been here for 22 years. I’m used to it, but I do remember the dead leg feeling many times.

But it is so worth it. A night out for okonomiyaki is an experience — and the food is tasty too.

So what exactly is okonomiyaki?

It’s often described as a “savory pancake.” Does that make it clear?

Yea, I didn’t think so.

Okonomiyaki is a batter mixture of flour, yam, egg, water, and cabbage — plus a variety of ingredients you choose such as shrimp, octopus, squid, pork, cheese — topped with mayo, “okonomiyaki sauce,” dried bonito flakes, and seaweed.

It is mixed all together and then poured onto a grill, much like a pancake. It’s cooked, flipped, cooked, and then a sauce and toppings are added.

Here’s a marvelous video by Simon and Martina describing okonomiyaki.

Types of Okonomiyaki

You’ll hear okonomiyaki described as Osaka-type or Hiroshima-type. Essentially defined by where it originated.

Kansai (aka Osaka) Okonomiyaki

If you watched the video above, the okonomiyaki they cooked is the kansai, or Osaka, variety. Where all the ingredients are mixed then grilled.

And also Osaka okonomiyaki typically does not use yakisoba (grilled noodles).

Hiroshima Okonomiyaki

The Hiroshima variety is different from the Osaka type because it cooks the ingredients in layers — with yakisoba noodles as a layer.

Okonomiyaki Ingredients

This is where the magic is. Remember I said okonomiyaki means “how you like, grilled?” Now it’s time to pick the ingredients that will go into your savory pancake.

First, the batter is flour, yam, water, egg, and dashi (a fish base) mixed with cabbage. Then you add in your optional ingredients.

Here are some common options you’ll find at most okonomiyaki restaurants in Japan:

  • Negi (ねぎ) – green onion (leek)
  • Butabara (豚バラ) – pork belly
  • Tako (たこ) – octopus
  • Ika (いか) – squid
  • Ebi (えび) – shrimp
  • Yasai (やさい) – vegetables
  • Konnyaku (菎蒻) – a plant-based gelatin
  • Mochi (餅) – rice cake (or rice paste)
  • Chīzu (チーズ) – cheese

I feel like I should describe konnyaku to you, but I don’t think I could do it justice in words. Here’s a quick video showing what konnyaku is:

Okonomiyaki Toppings

After you’re done cooking your okonomiyaki it’s time to cover it in toppings. These typically consist of:

  • Tare (タレ) – sauce
  • Mayonēzu (マヨネーズ) – mayonnaise
  • Katsuobushi (鰹節) – dried bonito flakes
  • Aonori (青海苔) – dried seaweed flakes
  • Benishōga (紅生姜) – pickled red ginger

Remember, done your way!

If some of these ingredients and toppings sound really gross to you remember it’s “how you like.” You get to pick and choose exactly what you put into, and onto, your okonomiyaki.

Okonomiyaki Q&A

Can you freeze okonomiyaki?

Yes, you can freeze it. I recommend wrapping it once in plastic wrap and then wrapping it in aluminum foil before putting it into the freezer.

When reheating, I like to pop it into the microwave for just a little bit. Bring it from frozen to cool, not hot. Then take it out of the microwave and place it into a toaster oven — or even a flat pan on the stove.

This brings out the amazing flavor of okonomiyaki.

Can you reheat okonomiyaki?

Absolutely! I mentioned this in my answer to the question above. Microwave and then toast/grill it.

Can I use okonomiyaki flour for takoyaki?

Yes… but keep in mind the takoyaki made with okonomiyaki flour will taste different from normal takoyaki.

This is because okonomiyaki flour is really just a premade mixture of flour and other ingredients typically used for okonomiyaki — such as imo flour (a type of potato flour).

Can I use okonomiyaki sauce for yakisoba?

Yes? You could…. But don’t expect the most authentic yakisoba flavor.

Can you eat okonomiyaki when pregnant?


But you should be careful. The thing about okonomiyaki is there are TONS of ingredients to choose from. So you can make it what you want it to be and avoid ingredients not appropriate during pregnancy.

How to say okonomiyaki?

It’s actually quite easy, it is pronounced: “oh-ko-no-me-ya-key”

Click to hear it pronounced by a native Japanese speaker.

How to order okonomiyaki?

Okonomiyaki is ordered by bowl. Where the batter and cabbage are combined with the optional ingredients you choose.

Most restaurants will have a menu of preset configurations. For example, a bacon mushroom mochi set.

But you can also order exactly the ingredients you want.

Some okonomiyaki restaurants will even have a tabehodai option, which is all you can eat. They allow you to order a bowl or two to start and then keep ordering until you either reach the time limit (usually 90 minutes), or you simply cannot eat anymore.

How is okonomiyaki served?

At most restaurants in Japan it is served to you with all the ingredients neatly arranged in a bowl – ready for you to mix and grill.

Some restaurants will mix and grill it before bringing it to you. Those are not the norm, they’re usually the higher class places.

How to eat okonomiyaki with chopsticks?

Typically, when it is done cooking the okonomiyaki you’ll use the cooking utensils to cut it into quarters (or smaller if you’d like). Then it’s a simple matter of picking up each part with chopsticks.

Of course, you’ll have to practice and learn how to use chopsticks first.

How to cook okonomiyaki at home?

If you are in Japan it’s a simple matter of going to the supermarket and buying okonomiyaki flour, cabbage, eggs, and the ingredients you want to add.

Then mix the flour with water in a large bowl. Add cabbage and ingredients and mix it up.

Grill the savory pancake using an electric flat iron grill — or you could simply cook it on a pan on your stove.

If you’re not in Japan, try your local asian market. Perhaps they’ll have okonomiyaki flour available.

In this video Simon and Martina invite a guest to show them how to cook okonomiyaki at home.

As you can see it isn’t an exact science and is relatively easy to make.

What is okonomiyaki sauce?

It’s essentially a sweet ketchup and worcestershire sauce combination. Sometimes it has sugar and soy sauce as well.

In Japan you can buy this sauce in pretty much every supermarket around, and even in drug stores and convenience stores. It’s basically everywhere.

Some restaurants will even create their own unique sauce adding various seasonings.

How to make okonomiyaki sauce?

There is an easy recipe floating around the web, but I believe was originally discussed by Okonomiyaki World. The “easy okonomiyaki recipe” is:

“Mix 3 tbs of ketchup, with 1 tbs of Worcestershire sauce, with 1 tsp of Soy Sauce.”

When was okonomiyaki invented?

I’m going to answer this with a quote from Okonomiyaki World:

Okonomiyaki was invented in Japan prior to World War II and evolved and became popular during and after the war.  The earliest origins of a basic crepe-like pancake date back to the Edo period (1683-1868) period where these were a special desert served at Buddhist ceremonies called Funoyaki.

This then evolved during the Meiji period (1868-1912) into a sweeter dish called Sukesoyaki. During the 20’s and 30’s the dish continued to evolve with more emphasis put on the sauces added and the name Yoshokuyaki began to be used. The name Okonomiyaki started in the late 30’s in Osaka.

Is okonomiyaki halal?

It can be. You probably won’t find many halal-certified restaurants serving okonomiyaki, but because you can choose your own ingredients you can ensure it is halal-friendly for yourself.

Is okonomiyaki keto?

No, the batter is made from flour so even if you used only keto-friendly ingredients, you’ll still break ketosis because of the flour.